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Technology Description

Pipelines are a cost-effective way to connect sites where CO2 is captured with sites where CO2 is stored or used. Pipelines are an effective method to transport large volumes of CO2 and, depending on pipeline design, CO2 can be transported in gaseous, liquid, dense-phase, or supercritical forms. Before pipeline transport, CO2 is compressed to increase the density of the CO2, thereby making it easier and less costly to transport. Certain impurities may also be removed depending on the specifications required by pipeline operators.

Relevance for Net Zero

CO2 transport is an essential element of the CCUS chain. Pipeline transport is often the easiest and most cost effective mode of transport. CCUS is a key technology enabling emissions reductions across the power, industry and fuel transformation sectors. Furthermore, it can deliver negative emissions by removing CO2 from the atmosphere and storing it permanently underground.

Key Countries

United States, Norway, Canada, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Germany, Belgium

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