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Methanol fuel cell electric ship


Technology Description

In methanol fuel cells, power for propulsion and auxiliaries is generated by a fuel cell supplied with methanol. The efficiency of methanol fuel cells is currently quite low, around 20%.
Methanol contains more hydrogen on a volumetric basis than liquid molecular hydrogen. Thus it could be a more suitable energy carrier for vehicles than hydrogen.

Relevance for Net Zero

The availability of sustainably sourced biomass to produce methanol is limited and the cost of producing methanol as a synthetic fuel (from electrolysis from low-carbon electricity with a carbon-source) is quite high relative to alternative low-emission fuel options for transport.

Key Countries

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