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Technology Description

Hydropower converts the energy from falling water into electricity. It is a mature and cost-competitive technology, today providing 16% of global electricity generation. Hydropower plants can be classified in three functional categories: run-of-river, reservoir (or storage), and pumped storage plants.

Relevance for Net Zero

Remains an important clean electricity source, also providing flexibility to the electricity system.

Key Countries

Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, India, Norway, Russia, United States

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