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Biomass gasification (ammonia)


Technology Description

Ammonia production involves combining nitrogen with hydrogen in the Haber-Bosch process. While the conventional method produces the hydrogen via steam methane reforming, this process gasifies biomass to produce a synthetic fuel (syngas) rich in hydrogen.

Relevance for Net Zero

This production route would avoid the direct use of fossil fuels in ammonia production. However, availability of sustainable biomass may put an upper limit on the potential for this process route. It is also capital and energy intensive, and the use of biomass - a high-cost commodity - makes it more expensive than competing options (hydrogen and CCS).

Key Countries


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