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Automated and connected vehicles (level 4+)


Technology Description

Automated and connected vehicles can achieve improved energy efficiency compared to human-driven vehicles (e.g. through eco-driving and platooning), and are also more likely to be electrified. If these vehicles are shared and pooled, further reductions in per-passenger efficiency are possible. Additional advances in software (AI and machine learning) as well as hardware (sensors, communications and computing) are needed for widespread deployment.

Relevance for Net Zero

If these vehicles are shared, automated and connected (and electric), they may help to reduce vkm and increase vehicle efficiency, primarily through pooled/shared rides and vehicle right-sizing. However, if these technologies are deployed only in cars, low cost of mobility may lead to rebound, and/or adverse effects for public transit.

Key Countries

United States, Singapore, Netherlands, Finland, China

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