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Fluidised-bed boiler fueled with biomass (high temperature heating)


Technology Description

Biomass fuels - such as wood, crop residues, wood pulp and chips, and municipal solid waste - are difficult to burn efficiently in conventional industrial furnaces due to their lower heating value and higher moisture content. Fluidised-bed boilers help overcome this challenge. They operate by burning the fuel within a hot bed of sand or other inert particles, which are fluidized by passing a pressurized fluid through them. This enables oxygen to reach the fuel more easily and thus improved combustion.

Relevance for Net Zero

Biomass can play an important role in reducing emissions from industrial heat requirements. However, limitations on sustainable biomass availability and competition from other sectors will put an upper limit on its potential.

Key Countries

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