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Battery electric passenger car

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Technology Description

Passenger electric car uses batteries (today almost exclusively Li-ion batteries) arranged in a battery pack. The battery pack is combined with inverters and an electric motor to convert electrical energy provided by the batteries into mechanical energy. Passenger electric cars are significantly more efficient than internal combustion ones, with approximately 70% of the energy stored in the batteries transferred to the wheels, to be compared to 20-40% for ICEs.

Relevance for Net Zero

Electrification of light-duty road transport vehicles, together with increasing penetration of renewables and zero-carbon electricity generation, is the most promising technology opportunity for decarbonising light-duty transport in the mid- to long-term.

Key Countries

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